Talk to the people of Athens, and you’ll hear one phrase repeated again and again: Athens is not what it used to be. And they’re right; it’s better.
Greece is synonymous with the Olympic Games and fittingly, it was the Olympics that revived the city's fortunes. When Athens failed in its bid to host the 1996 Centennial Games, the authorities developed ambitious plans to haul the city into the 21st century. These plans ensured Athens was awarded the 2004 Olympics, and the looming deadline fast-tracked projects that had previously never made it past the discussion stage. Developments included major expansion of the road and metro network and the construction of a new international airport.
The legendary city, the capital of Greece since 1834 and the cradle of Ancient Greek civilization, is now one of the most civilized societies in Europe. Once known as much for its faults as its assets, Athens is today a pedestrian’s paradise full of art, antiquities, music, and entertainment. Museums and galleries have been carefully renovated and air-conditioned, the streets are clean, and five million Athenians—40% of the Greek population—have reason, once more, to be proud of their city.
Athens has no end of attractions, but the majority of the tourist trail is confined to a small area surrounding the city’s landmark UNESCO World Heritage Site, the Acropolis. This "sacred rock" towers above the charming historic districts of the Plaka— Thision, Psiri, and Monastiraki, which feature restored 19th-century neoclassical homes, pedestrianized streets, and picturesque ruins from the city's Roman era.
Start your tour at Syntagma Square, dominated by the neoclassical Old Palace, the seat of the Hellenic Parliament, flanked by King George II Palace on one side and the National Gardens on the other. A short distance south is the Zappeion Exhibition Hall, an archetypal example of Greek public architecture.
Less than a kilometer west is the South Slope of the Acropolis, the location of many Ancient Greek monuments and sanctuaries and an area of great historical and archaeological significance. Finally, make your way up to the flat top of the Acropolis, where you’ll see Greece’s most iconic structure, the Parthenon. This temple, dedicated to the Greek goddess Athena, who gave her name to the city, was built around 2,500 years ago and dominates the city skyline.
Athens is well known for its lively dining and nightlife scene, but don’t expect to be smashing plates every night. This centuries-old tradition, linked with the Greek concept of kefi (high spirits and fun), fell out of favor many years ago and the custom is usually only rolled out for tourists.
Greek cuisine is delicious and falls loosely into two categories: seafood and grilled meat. Upscale fish restaurants can be found in the small port of Mikrolimano, while the town of Anavissos is best known for its seafood tavernas, as is the pine-shaded beach at Schinias, near Marathon. Fish is often sold by the kilo and prices vary wildly, so check before you order. Meat lovers should head to Vari, an area south of Athens jokingly known as "Cholesterol Valley." It is famous for its psistarias, Greek grill-houses that serve roasted meats cooked over hot coals.
Nightlife is equally good and ranges from jazz to disco, heavy metal to bouzoukia. The latter is a truly Greek phenomenon; musicians perform on a live stage while the audience throws flowers. Clubs are located around the city in places such as Psiri, Syntagma, and Glyfada, with many of the cafés, bars, and ouzeries located in Plaka and Thision.
Around 12km south of Athens, and just a short metro journey away, is Piraeus. The largest port city in Europe, Piraeus is also the staging post for numerous trips to the famous Greek islands.
From here, it is just a short hydrofoil ride to the tiny Saronic Islands of Aegina, Agistri, Hydra, Poros, and Spetses, or a longer ferry ride to the major Greek islands of Mykonos, Kos, Lesbos, Crete, and Rhodes. Alternatively, charter a yacht—not necessarily as expensive as it sounds—and discover the tranquility of the Aegean Sea from the comfort of your own private deck.